According to the Weekly Crop Report from the Saskatchewan Ministry of Agriculture for the week of June 25th to July 1st, weather conditions are giving producers here in the southeast some challenges in wrapping up herbicide applications. They will soon be moving into fungicide applications, continuing with haying operations, and monitoring fields for pest and disease development.

Rain fell throughout all areas of the region, with variable amounts and even some isolated hail events. The Stoughton area reported 12 mm and the Radville area reported eight mm over the past week, but the Langenburg area reported the highest rainfall at 90 mm, followed by the Ituna area at 87 mm. The Alida area received 52 mm and the Avonlea area received 36 mm.

Haying is beginning within the region, with one percent of the hay crop cut, and two percent baled or silaged. Hay quality is rated as 22 percent excellent, 71 percent good, and seven percent fair.

Wind and excess moisture caused crop damage in areas throughout the region with a few areas reporting severe damage. Localized flooding in the low-lying areas along with other areas of fields being fully saturated are contributing to crop stress. Producers in some areas also report the lack of moisture is contributing to crop stress as well. Hail and waterfowl caused minor to moderate crop damage in some areas. Gophers continue to cause crop damage with a few areas reporting moderate to severe damage.

The cooler weather has slowed grasshopper development throughout the region, but a few areas are reporting minor to moderate grasshopper damage. Flea beetles are present within the region but as the canola continues to advance, they are becoming less of a concern. Producers continue to note the presence of root rots, leaf diseases in cereals, and the start of pulse disease development. Over the coming weeks, producers will be applying fungicide to slow disease progression in their fields.

Topsoil moisture remains adequate for the region, but some areas are reporting increases in surplus moisture along with other areas reporting increases in short moisture conditions due to lack of rainfall. Cropland topsoil moisture is rated as 15 percent surplus, 75 percent adequate, nine percent short, and one percent very short. Hayland topsoil moisture is reported at five percent surplus, 84 percent adequate, nine percent short, and two percent very short. Pasture topsoil moisture is four percent surplus, 82 percent adequate, 11 percent short, and three percent very short.

Producers are looking forward to warmer weather to assist crop advancement. Varying stages of development are reported across the region:

One percent of winter cereals are in the tillering stage, 11 percent at stem elongation, eight percent at flag leaf, 60 percent heading, and 20 percent at the dough stage.
Four percent of spring cereals are at the seedling stage with 22 percent tillering, 29 percent at stem elongation, 30 percent at flag leaf, and 15 percent heading.
Five percent of pulse crops are at the seedling stage with 65 percent at the vegetative stage of development and 30 percent flowering.
One percent of canola and mustard are at the pre-emergent stage, 14 percent at the seedling stage, 37 percent at the rosette stage, 35 percent bolting, and 13 percent at the flowering stage.

Twenty-four percent of the flax is at the seedling stage with 70 percent at stem elongation and six percent flowering.

Pasture conditions vary throughout the region. Thirty-two percent of pastures are rated as excellent, 45 percent good, 18 percent fair, three percent poor, and two percent very poor.